The PK is a 7.62x54 mm general-purpose machine gun designed in the Soviet Union. The original PK machine gun was introduced in 1961 and then the improved PKM came in 1969.
The DShK 1938 is a heavy machine gun firing the 12.7x108 mm cartridge. In 1946 the improved version DShKM was introduced. It remains in use as a infantry, anti-aircraft and vehicle-mounted weapon.
The NSV is a 12.7x108 mm caliber heavy machine gun of Soviet origin. It was designed to replace the DShK machine gun and was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1971. The NSVT version is used on the T-72, T-64 and T-80 tanks.
The KPV 14.5x114 mm with a range of 3,000 meters horizontally and 2,000 meters vertically. It was used in the ZPU anti-aircraft guns, BTR and BRDM-2 vehicles.
The M2 Browning is a .50 (12.7x99 mm NATO) caliber machine gun. It is effective against infantry, unarmored or lightly armored vehicles and boats, light fortifications, and low-flying aircraft.
The M240 is the U.S. military designation for the FN MAG family of belt-fed, gas-operated medium machine guns that chamber the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge.
The M249 Light Machine Gun (LMG) also known as the Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW) is the American adaptation of the Belgian FN Minimi firing 5.56x45 mm NATO cartridges.
|EASTERN MACHINE GUNS|
|Calibre||7.62 mm||12.7 mm||12.7 mm||14.5 mm|
|Gun length||1,100 mm||1,625 mm||1,560 mm||1,980 mm|
|Rate of fire (max)||800 rpm||600 rpm||800 rpm||600 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||830 m/s||850 m/s||845 m/s||1,005 m/s|
|Maximum range||3,800 m||6,500 m||6,000 m||7,000 m|
|Effective range||1,000 m||2,000 m||2,000 m||3,000 m|
|Weight of the gun||7.5 kg||34 kg||25 kg||49 kg|
|NATO MACHINE GUNS|
|Calibre||5.56 mm||7.62 mm||7.62 mm||12.7 mm|
|Gun length||1,035 mm||1,105 mm||1,260 mm||1,654 mm|
|Rate of fire (max)||1150 rpm||650 rpm||950 rpm||1,300 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||915 m/s||853 m/s||853 m/s||890 m/s|
|Maximum range||3,600 m||3,700 m||3,725 m||7,400 m|
|Effective range||800 m||1,100 m||1,100 m||1,800 m|
|Weight of the gun||7.5 kg||10.5 kg||12.5 kg||38 kg|