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PK

The PK is a 7.62x54 mm general-purpose machine gun designed in the Soviet Union. The original PK machine gun was introduced in 1961 and then the improved PKM came in 1969.

DShK

The DShK 1938 is a heavy machine gun firing the 12.7x108 mm cartridge. In 1946 the improved version DShKM was introduced. It remains in use as a infantry, anti-aircraft and vehicle-mounted weapon.

NSV

The NSV is a 12.7x108 mm caliber heavy machine gun of Soviet origin. It was designed to replace the DShK machine gun and was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1971. The NSVT version is used on the T-72, T-64 and T-80 tanks. 

KPV

The KPV 14.5x114 mm with a range of 3,000 meters horizontally and 2,000 meters vertically. It was used in the ZPU anti-aircraft guns, BTR and BRDM-2 vehicles.

M2

The M2 Browning is a .50 (12.7x99 mm NATO) caliber machine gun. It is effective against infantry, unarmored or lightly armored vehicles and boats, light fortifications, and low-flying aircraft.

M240

The M240 is the U.S. military designation for the FN MAG family of belt-fed, gas-operated medium machine guns that chamber the 7.62x51mm NATO cartridge.

M249

The M249 Light Machine Gun (LMG) also known as the Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW) is the American adaptation of the Belgian FN Minimi firing 5.56x45 mm NATO cartridges.

EASTERN MACHINE GUNS
WeaponPKDShKNSVKPV
Calibre7.62 mm12.7 mm12.7 mm14.5 mm
Gun length1,100 mm1,625 mm1,560 mm1,980 mm
Rate of fire (max)800 rpm600 rpm800 rpm600 rpm
Muzzle velocity830 m/s850 m/s845 m/s1,005 m/s
Maximum range3,800 m6,500 m6,000 m7,000 m
Effective range1,000 m2,000 m2,000 m3,000 m
Weight of the gun 7.5 kg34 kg25 kg49 kg
NATO MACHINE GUNS
WeaponM249M60M240M2
Calibre5.56 mm7.62 mm7.62 mm12.7 mm
Gun length1,035 mm1,105 mm1,260 mm1,654 mm
Rate of fire (max)1150 rpm650 rpm950 rpm1,300 rpm
Muzzle velocity915 m/s853 m/s853 m/s890 m/s
Maximum range3,600 m3,700 m3,725 m7,400 m
Effective range800 m1,100 m1,100 m1,800 m
Weight of the gun 7.5 kg10.5 kg12.5 kg38 kg